Lifespan: 80+ years
Range/Habitat: Africa southern edge of the Sahara Desert
Conservation Status: V vulnerable
The African sulcata, also known as the spurred tortoise, is the largest mainland tortoise (not found on an island). These tortoises can burrow underground, some burrows extending over 10 feet deep. The culcata will grow to be up to 36 inches in length and weigh over 150 pounds. Eggs are laid in an excavated nest. Habitat loss to urbanization is the largest threat to this tortoise's survival. Captive breeding has reduced the number of tortoises captured as pets.